The Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) report examines the multitude of obstacles faced by individuals suffering from an addiction or mental illness but, according to Kristin Taylor, it also deals with the effect on Canada’s labour force.
“Many readers may be surprised by the prevalence of mental health and addiction disabilities in the workforce,” warns Taylor – approximately five per cent of Ontarians over the age of 15 currently identify themselves as having a mental health or addiction-based disability.
The report also reveals that a staggering 90.5 per cent of all individuals who have a mental health or addiction disability also have another, coexisting form of disability.
“The presence of multiple, overlapping disabilities certainly adds complexity to the accommodation process,” warns the Cassels Brock employment law
Unemployed or unhappy
Perhaps unsurprisingly, the report also confirms that people with mental health and addiction disabilities are disproportionately underemployed compared to the rest of the population – but they’re also underemployed compared to people who have physical disabilities.
And those who are employed are often subjected to an unfair work environment.
“When employed, persons with mental health and addiction issues report experiencing high levels of harassment and discrimination,” says Taylor. “[Sixty-seven per cent] of those surveyed reported feeling disadvantaged at work, stating that they had been refused interviews, refused promotions or otherwise treated poorly because of their disability.”
Worryingly, the OHRC report also found that a third of employees who identify as having an addiction or mental health disability do not plan on telling employers or requesting any additional accommodation.
“Employers should be mindful of case law that requires them to proactively investigate whether or not an employee's unusual behaviour is indicative of a mental disorder,” advises Taylor. (Continued...)
A new report on mental health and addiction in Ontario has been released and one industry lawyer says it should be of particular interest to employers.